Installing on Linux¶
The Morpheus CLI is a ruby based CLI that provides a lot of functionality out of the box and is rapidly growing in coverage to be able to perform every task that can be performed in the Morpheus UI. It is also a great way to get started in exploring the Morpheus API and understanding some of the data model aspects.
A Prerequisite to running the CLI is to have ruby 2.2.0+ installed (2.3.0 recommended). To install Ruby please follow these instructions:
Once the ruby runtime is installed simply use rubygems to install the CLI
gem install morpheus-cli
Once the gem is installed all cli commands can be run on the shell via morpheus.
Installing on Windows¶
The morpheus cli is capable of running on many platforms due to its ruby runtime. This includes windows based platforms. To get started, we must first ensure ruby is running on the windows machine in question. To do this please visit Ruby Installation and download at least Ruby version 2.2.0 (2.3.3 recommended).
When installing ruby on windows, make sure the options are selected for adding the ruby binaries to your PATH.
Now that ruby is installed, simply open a PowerShell window and run
gem install morpheus-cli --no-ri --no-rdoc
A list of installed dependencies should start sliding by the screen. Once this has completed the CLI setup is complete. Now all that must be done is configuring the cli to point to an appliance for use.
morpheus remote add myapp https://applianceUrl morpheus remote use myapp morpheus login
Credentials are used to acquire an access token which is then stored in the users home directory in a folder called .morpheus. Now all commands provided by the CLI are available for use just as if running in a *nix based environment.
The first thing that needs to be done after installing the cli is pointing the cli to the appliance. The CLI can be pointed at many appliances and uses the RESTful OAUTH public developer apis to perform tasks. To set this up simply add a remote appliance with the morpheus remote add command.
morpheus remote add myappliance https://applianceUrl morpheus remote use myappliance morpheus login
There are several commands available when dealing with configuration of remote appliances. To see what commands are available just type
To get started with the morpheus CLI its helpful to use morpheus shell. The shell provides a handy shell with history and some autocomplete features for learning to use it. All commands mentioned prefixed with morpheus can be omitted since we are in shell mode.
To confirm that we are hooked into the appliance properly lets check our authentication information:
morpheus> whoami Current User ================== ID: 1 Account: Labs (Master Account) First Name: Demo Last Name: Environment Username: david Email: email@example.com Role: System Admin Remote Appliance ================== Name: demo Url: https://demo.morpheusdata.com Build Version: 2.10.0
Fantastic! We are now ready to start our adventure in the Morpheus CLI. If this command fails please be sure to verify the appliance url entered previously is correct, and also verify the provided credentials are correctly entered.
While the CLI is relatively young there are a ton of features provided with it that can make it very convenient for working with morpheus. There are several base commands with subcommands within for example. Lets look at what happens when we simply type
morpheus on the command line:
Usage: morpheus [command] [options] Commands: remote login logout whoami groups clouds hosts load-balancers shell tasks workflows deployments instances apps app-templates deploy license instance-types security-groups security-group-rules accounts users roles key-pairs virtual-images library version
As you can see the cli is split into sections. Each of. these sections has subcommands available for performing certain actions. For example lets look at morpheus instances
morpheus> instances Usage: morpheus instances [list,add,remove,stop,start,restart,backup,run-workflow,stop-service,start-service,restart-service,resize,upgrade,clone,envs,setenv,delenv] [name]
These commands typically make it easier to figure out what command subsets are available and the CLI documentation can provide helpful information in more depth on each command option.
To get started provisioning instances from the CLI a few prerequisite commands must be setup in the CLI. First we must decide what Group we want to provision into. We can first get a list of available groups to use by running morpheus groups list
morpheus> groups list Morpheus Groups ================== = Automation - denver => Demo - Multi = Morpheus AWS - US-West = Morpheus Azure - US West = Morpheus Google - Auto = morpheus-approvals - = NIck-Demo - Chicago = San Mateo Hyper-V - San Mateo, CA = San Mateo Nutanix - San Mateo, CA = San Mateo Openstack - San Mateo, CA = San Mateo Servers - San Mateo, CA = San Mateo UCS - San Mateo, CA = San Mateo Vmware - San Mateo, CA = San Mateo Xen - San Mateo, CA = snow-approvals - = SoftLayer - Dallas-9
In the above example the currently active group is Demo as can be seen by the => symbol to the left of the group name. To switch groups simply run:
morpheus groups use "San Mateo Xen"
This now becomes the active group we would like to provision into. Another thing to know before provisioning is we do have to also specify the cloud we want to provision into . This does require the cloud be in the group that is currently active. To see a list of clouds in the relevant group simply run:
morpheus clouds list -g [groupName]
This will scope the clouds command to list only clouds in the group specified.
Morpheus makes it very easy to get started provisioning via the CLI. It provides a list of instance-types that can be provisioned via the
instance-types list command. Lets get started by provisioning an ubuntu virtual machine.
morpheus> instances add Usage: morpheus instances add TYPE NAME -g, --group GROUP Group -c, --cloud CLOUD Cloud -O, --option OPTION Option -N, --no-prompt Skip prompts. Use default values for all optional fields. -j, --json JSON Output -d, --dry-run Dry Run, print json without making the actual request. -r, --remote REMOTE Remote Appliance -U, --url REMOTE API Url -u, --username USERNAME Username -p, --password PASSWORD Password -T, --token ACCESS_TOKEN Access Token -C, --nocolor ANSI -V, --debug Print extra output for debugging. -h, --help Prints this helpmorpheus> instances add ubuntu MyInstanceName -c "San Mateo Vmware" morpheus> instances add ubuntu -c "San Mateo Vmware" dre-test Layout ['?' for options]: ? * Layout [-O layout=] - Select which configuration of the instance type to be provisioned. Options =============== * Docker Ubuntu Container  * VMware VM  * Existing Ubuntu  Layout ['?' for options]: VMware VM Plan ['?' for options]: ? * Plan [-O servicePlan=] - Choose the appropriately sized plan for this instance Options =============== * Memory: 512MB Storage: 10GB  * Memory: 1GB Storage: 10GB  * Memory: 2GB Storage: 20GB  * Memory: 4GB Storage: 40GB  * Memory: 8GB Storage: 80GB  * Memory: 16GB Storage: 160GB  * Memory: 24GB Storage: 240GB  * Memory: 32GB Storage: 320GB  Plan ['?' for options]: 10 Root Volume Label [root]: Root Volume Size (GB) : Root Datastore ['?' for options]: ? * Root Datastore [-O rootVolume.datastoreId=] - Choose a datastore. Options =============== * Auto - Cluster [autoCluster] * Auto - Datastore [auto] * cluster: labs-ds-cluster - 2.9TB Free  * store: ds-130-root - 178.5GB Free  * store: ds-130-vm - 699.0GB Free  * store: ds-131-root - 191.3GB Free  * store: ds-131-vm - 798.9GB Free  * store: ds-132-root - 191.2GB Free  * store: ds-132-vm - 799.4GB Free  * store: ds-177-root - 399.4GB Free  * store: labs-vm - 2.9TB Free  * store: VeeamBackup_WIN-0JNJSO32KI4 - 5.1GB Free  * store: VeeamBackup_WIN-QGARB6FA1GQ - 2.7GB Free  Root Datastore ['?' for options]: Auto - Cluster Add data volume? (yes/no): no Network ['?' for options]: VM Network Network Interface Type ['?' for options]: E1000 IP Address: Using DHCP Add another network interface? (yes/no): no Public Key (optional) ['?' for options]: Resource Pool ['?' for options]: ? * Resource Pool [-O config.vmwareResourcePoolId=] - Options =============== * Resources [resgroup-56] * Resources / Brian [resgroup-2301] * Resources / Brian / Macbook [resgroup-2302] * Resources / David [resgroup-2158] * Resources / David / Macbook [resgroup-2160] Resource Pool ['?' for options]: resgroup-2160
As can be seen in the example above, the CLI nicely prompts the user for input on required options for provisioning this particular instance type within this particular cloud. It provides capabilities of adding multiple disks and multiple networks in this scenario. It is also posslbe to skip these prompts and provision everything via one command line syntax by using the
-O optionName=value syntax:
morpheus> instances add ubuntu MyInstanceName -c "San Mateo Vmware" -O layout=105 -O servicePlan=10 -O rootVolume.datastoreId=autoCluster
This will cause morpheus cli to skip prompting for input on these prompts. All inputs have an equivalent -O option that can be passed. To see what that option argument is simply enter ? on the input prompt to get specifics.
Now your VM should be provisioning and status can be checked by simply typing
morpheus instances list.
Most of the list command types can be queried or paged via the cli. To do this simply look at the help information for the relevant list command
morpheus> instances list -h Usage: morpheus [options] -g, --group GROUP Group Name -m, --max MAX Max Results -o, --offset OFFSET Offset Results -s, --search PHRASE Search Phrase -S, --sort ORDER Sort Order -D, --desc Reverse Sort Order -j, --json JSON Output -r, --remote REMOTE Remote Appliance -U, --url REMOTE API Url -u, --username USERNAME Username -p, --password PASSWORD Password -T, --token ACCESS_TOKEN Access Token -C, --nocolor ANSI -V, --debug Print extra output for debugging. -h, --help Prints this help
Step 1 – Installing Requirements¶
First of all, we need to install all required packages for ruby installation on our system using the following command.
yum install gcc-c++ patch readline readline-devel zlib zlib-devel libyaml-devel libffi-devel openssl-devel make bzip2 autoconf automake libtool bison iconv-devel sqlite-devel
Step 2 – Install RVM¶
Install the latest stable version of RVM on your system using the following command. This command will automatically download all required files and install on your system.
curl -sSL https://rvm.io/mpapis.asc | gpg --import - curl -L get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
Also, run below command to load the RVM environment.
source /etc/profile.d/rvm.sh rvm reload
Step 3 – Verify Dependencies¶
Now use the following command to verify all dependencies are properly installed. This will install any missing dependencies on your system.
rvm requirements run Checking requirements for centos. Requirements installation successful.
Step 4 – Install Ruby 2.5¶
After completing setup of RVM environment lets install Ruby language using the following command. Change Ruby version to below command you need to install.
rvm install 2.5 [Sample Output] Searching for binary rubies, this might take some time. No binary rubies available for: centos/7/x86_64/ruby-2.5.1. Continuing with compilation. Please read 'rvm help mount' to get more information on binary rubies. Checking requirements for centos. Requirements installation successful. Installing Ruby from source to: /usr/local/rvm/rubies/ruby-2.5.1, this may take a while depending on your cpu(s)... ruby-2.5.1 - #downloading ruby-2.5.1, this may take a while depending on your connection... % Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed 100 13.3M 100 13.3M 0 0 866k 0 0:00:15 0:00:15 --:--:-- 823k ruby-2.5.1 - #extracting ruby-2.5.1 to /usr/local/rvm/src/ruby-2.5.1..... ruby-2.5.1 - #configuring.................................................................. ruby-2.5.1 - #post-configuration.. ruby-2.5.1 - #compiling.................................................................... ruby-2.5.1 - #installing............................. ruby-2.5.1 - #making binaries executable.. ruby-2.5.1 - #downloading rubygems-2.7.7 ruby-2.5.1 - #extracting rubygems-2.7.7..................................................... ruby-2.5.1 - #removing old rubygems........ ruby-2.5.1 - #installing rubygems-2.7.7................................ ruby-2.5.1 - #gemset created /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1@global ruby-2.5.1 - #importing gemset /usr/local/rvm/gemsets/global.gems................................................... ruby-2.5.1 - #generating global wrappers....... ruby-2.5.1 - #gemset created /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1 ruby-2.5.1 - #importing gemsetfile /usr/local/rvm/gemsets/default.gems evaluated to empty gem list ruby-2.5.1 - #generating default wrappers....... ruby-2.5.1 - #adjusting #shebangs for (gem irb erb ri rdoc testrb rake). Install of ruby-2.5.1 - #complete Ruby was built without documentation, to build it run: rvm docs generate-ri
Step 5 – Setup Default Ruby Version¶
First of all, check the currently installed ruby versions on your system. So that we can find which version is using currently by the system and which is set to default.
rvm list ruby-2.3.5 [ x86_64 ] ruby-2.4.2 [ x86_64 ] * ruby-2.4.4 [ x86_64 ] => ruby-2.5.1 [ x86_64 ] # => - current # =* - current && default # * - default
After that use rvm command to set up the default ruby version to be used by applications.
rvm use 2.5 --default Using /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.1
Step 6 – Verify Active Ruby Version¶
Using following command you can check the current ruby version is used.
ruby --version ruby 2.5.1p57 (2018-03-29 revision 63029) [x86_64-linux]
Step 7 – Install Morpheus CLI¶
gem install morpheus-cli